GitHub will ask if you want to create a new repo from scratch or if you want to add a repo you have created locally. In this case, since we've already created a new repo locally, we want to push that onto GitHub so follow the '....or push an existing repository from the command line' section:
How to use Github and its repository
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Now we'll push the commit in your branch to your new GitHub repo. This allows other people to see the changes you've made. If they're approved by the repository's owner, the changes can then be merged into the primary branch.
You might be wondering what that \"origin\" word means in the command above. What happens is that when you clone a remote repository to your local machine, git creates an alias for you. In nearly all cases this alias is called \"origin.\" It's essentially shorthand for the remote repository's URL. So, to push your changes to the remote repository, you could've used either the command: git push email@example.com:git/git.git yourbranchname or git push origin yourbranchname
This tutorial teaches you GitHub essentials like repositories, branches, commits, and pull requests. You'll create your own Hello World repository and learn GitHub's pull request workflow, a popular way to create and review code.
A repository is usually used to organize a single project. Repositories can contain folders and files, images, videos, spreadsheets, and data sets -- anything your project needs. Often, repositories include a README file, a file with information about your project. README files are written in the plain text Markdown language. You can use this cheat sheet to get started with Markdown syntax. GitHub lets you add a README file at the same time you create your new repository. GitHub also offers other common options such as a license file, but you do not have to select any of them now.
By default, your repository has one branch named main that is considered to be the definitive branch. You can create additional branches off of main in your repository. You can use branches to have different versions of a project at one time. This is helpful when you want to add new features to a project without changing the main source of code. The work done on different branches will not show up on the main branch until you merge it, which we will cover later in this guide. You can use branches to experiment and make edits before committing them to main.
When you created your new repository, you initialized it with a README file. README files are a great place to describe your project in more detail, or add some documentation such as how to install or use your project. The contents of your README file are automatically shown on the front page of your repository.
README files are a great place to describe your project in more detail, or add some documentation such as how to install or use your project. The contents of your README file are automatically shown on the front page of your repository. Follow these steps to add a README file.
You can find interesting projects and repositories on GitHub and make changes to them by creating a fork of the repository. Forking a repository will allow you to make changes to another repository without affecting the original. For more information, see \"Fork a repository.\"
Each repository on GitHub is owned by a person or an organization. You can interact with the people, repositories, and organizations by connecting and following them on GitHub. For more information, see \"Be social.\"
You have the option to start with one of the pre-built themes, or to create a site from scratch. Choose a theme
Start from scratch
Repository Settings Head over to GitHub.com and create a new repository, or go to an existing one. Click on the Settings tab.
Type 2 lets you make a fresh repository from an existing folder on our computer and send that to GitHub. In a lot of cases you might have actually already made something on your computer that you want to suddenly turn into a repository on GitHub.
Git has a number of different transfer protocols you can use.The previous example uses the https:// protocol, but you may also see git:// or user@server:path/to/repo.git, which uses the SSH transfer protocol.Getting Git on a Server will introduce all of the available options the server can set up to access your Git repository and the pros and cons of each.
GitHub has many special repositories. For instance, you can create a repository that matches your username, add a README file to it, and all the information in that file will be visible on your GitHub profile.
You might already be familiar with the .github directory you'll find in many repositories. The .github directory houses workflows, issue templates, pull request templates, funding information, and some other files specific to that project.
But another special repository you can create is the .github repository. It acts as a fallback for all of your repositories that don't have an actual .github directory with issue templates and other community health files.
For example, say I have a repository named .github with generic bug report and feature request issue templates. And say I create another repository called new-project, but I don't add a .github directory with issue templates to it.
Just note that the files inside a repository's .github directory will be chosen over the ones in the .github directory. For example, if my new-project repo has a .github directory with a feature request issue template inside, that will be used instead of the generic feature request template from the .github repo.
After you're done creating the repository, you can start adding files to it. The first file I will add is a bug report issue form. I am not going to go over the details of creating an issue form in this article, but you can have a look at a previous article I wrote about GitHub Issue forms.
My blogs repository doesn't have any issue templates, code of conduct, or any other file except for the markdown files of my blogs and a README. So it's the best repository to test upon if this feature is working or not.
Organizations can also have profile READMEs that show up on the organization page on GitHub. This README resides on the profile directory of the organization's .github repository. To demonstrate this, I will quickly create a demo organization.
RStudio is a popular integrated development environment for R. It integrates the tools you use with R into a single environment. GitHub Pages allows you to host websites directly from your GitHub repository.
This tutorial provides an overview of how to set up a repository (repo) under Git version control. This resource will walk you through initializing a Git repository for a new or existing project. Included below are workflow examples of repositories both created locally and cloned from remote repositories. This guide assumes a basic familiarity with a command-line interface.
If a project has already been set up in a central repository, the clone command is the most common way for users to obtain a local development clone. Like git init, cloning is generally a one-time operation. Once a developer has obtained a working copy, all version control operations are managed through their local repository.
git clone is used to create a copy or clone of remote repositories. You pass git clone a repository URL. Git supports a few different network protocols and corresponding URL formats. In this example, we'll be using the Git SSH protocol. Git SSH URLs follow a template of: git@HOSTNAME:USERNAME/REPONAME.git
Now that you have a repository cloned or initialized, you can commit file version changes to it. The following example assumes you have set up a project at /path/to/project. The steps being taken in this example are:
If you used git clone in the previous \"Initializing a new Repository\" section to set up your local repository, your repository is already configured for remote collaboration. git clone will automatically configure your repo with a remote pointed to the Git URL you cloned it from. This means that once you make changes to a file and commit them, you can git push those changes to the remote repository.
If you used git init to make a fresh repo, you'll have no remote repo to push changes to. A common pattern when initializing a new repo is to go to a hosted Git service like Bitbucket and create a repo there. The service will provide a Git URL that you can then add to your local Git repository and git push to the hosted repo. Once you have created a remote repo with your service of choice you will need to update your local repo with a mapping. We discuss this process in the Configuration & Set Up guide below.
If you prefer to host your own remote repo, you'll need to set up a \"Bare Repository.\" Both git init and git clone accept a --bare argument. The most common use case for bare repo is to create a remote central Git repository
In addition to configuring a remote repo URL, you may also need to set global Git configuration options such as username, or email. The git config command lets you configure your Git installation (or an individual repository) from the command line. This command can define everything from user info, to preferences, to the behavior of a repository. Several common configuration options are listed below.
Here we demonstarted how to create a git repository using two methods: git init and git clone. This guide can be applied